[Answer] You have implemented an ad-hoc wireless network that doesn’t employ a wireless access point. Every wireless network card can communicate directly with any other wireless network card on the network. What type of physical network topology has been implemented in this type of network?

Answer: Mesh
You have implemented an ad-hoc wireless network that doesn’t employ a wireless access point. Every wireless network card can communicate directly with any other wireless network card on the network. What type of physical network topology has been implemented in this type of network?

A wireless ad hoc network (WANET) or mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a decentralized type of wireless network. The network is ad hoc because it does not rely on a pre-existing infrastructure such as routers in wired networks or access points in managed (infrastructure) wireless networks. Instead each node participates in routing by forwarding data for other nodes so the determination of w…

A wireless ad hoc network (WANET) or mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a decentralized type of wireless network . The network is ad hoc because it does not rely on a pre-existing infrastructure such as routers in wired networks or access points in managed (infrastructure) wireless networks. Instead each node participates in routing by forwarding data for other nodes so the determination of which nodes forward data is made dynamically on the basis of network connectivity and the routing algorithm in use. In the Windows operating system ad hoc is a communication mode (setting) that allows computers to directly communicate with each other without a router. Wireless mobile ad hoc networks are self-configuring dynamic networks in which nodes are free to move. Such wireless networks lack the complexities of infrastructure setup and administration enabling devices to create and join networks “on the fly”. A true MANET by definition requires multicast routing not just unicast or broadcast. Each device in a MANET is free to move independently in any direction and will therefore change its links to other devices frequently. Each must forward traffic unrelated to its own use and therefore be a router. The primary challenge in building a MANET is equipping each device to continuously maintain the information required to properly route traffic. This becomes harder as the scale of the MANET increases due to 1) the desire to route packets to/through every other node 2) the percentage of overhead traffic needed to maintain real-time routing status 3) each node has its own goodput to route independent and unaware of others needs and 4) all must share limited communication bandwidth such as a slice of radio spectrum. Such networks may operate by themselves or may be connected to the larger Internet. They may contain one or multiple and different transceivers between nodes. This results in a highly dynamic autonomous topology. MANETs usually have a routable networking environment on top of a Link Layer ad hoc netw… Read more on Wikipedia

The earliest wireless data network was called PRNET the packet radio network and was sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the early 1970s. Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. (BBN) and SRI International designed built and experimented with these earliest systems. Experimenters included Robert Kahn Jerry Burchfiel and Ray Tomlin…

The earliest wireless data network was called PRNET the packet radio network and was sponsored by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the early 1970s. Bolt Beranek and Newman In…

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