[Answer] Why does the US import oil?

Answer: because it does not produce enough oil
Why does the US import oil?

US energy independence is the idea of eliminating the need for the United States to import petroleum and other foreign sources of energy. Energy independence is espoused by those who want to leave the US unaffected by global energy supply disruptions and to restrict reliance upon politically unstable states for its energy security.

Energy independence is highly concerned with oil the source of the country’s principal transport fuels. In total energy consumption the US was between 86% and 91% self-sufficient in 2016. In May 2011 the country became a net exporter of refined petroleum products. As of 2014 the United States was the world’s third largest producer of crude oil after Saudi Arabia and Russia and …

Energy independence is highly concerned with oil the source of the country’s principal transport fuels. In total energy consumption the US was between 86% and 91% self-sufficient in 2016. In May 2011 the country became a net exporter of refined petroleum products. As of 2014 the United States was the world’s third largest producer of crude oil after Saudi Arabia and Russia and second-largest exporter of refined products after Russia. In November 2019 the United States became a net exporter of all oil products including both refined petroleum products and crude oil. As of March 2015 85% of crude oil imports came from (in decreasing volume): Canada Saudi Arabia Mexico Venezuela and Colombia. Nineteen percent of imported oil comes from the Middle East. The fraction of crude oil consumed in the US that was imported went from 35% immediately before the 1973 oil crisis peaked at 60% in 2005 and then returned to 35% by 2013 thanks to increased domestic production from the shale oil boom. Beginning in the 1970s exports of crude oil were illegal without a permit; in 2013 the United States physically exported a relatively small amount of oil and only to Canada. The ban was repealed in 2015. Greater energy self-sufficiency it was claimed would prevent major supply disruptions like the 1973 oil crisis and the 1979 energy crisis from recurring. Proponents argue that the potential for political unrest in major oil suppliers such as Sau…

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