[Answer] Why are spores medically important?

Answer: Resistant to heat, desiccation, radiation, and disinfectants; metabolically
inactive; can become vegetative once in the body
Why are spores medically important?
A spore is a cell that certain fungi plants (moss ferns) and bacteria produce. Spores are involved in reproduction. Certain bacteria make spores as a way to defend themselves. Spores have thick walls. They can resist high temperatures humidity and other environmental conditions. The bacteria Clostridia form spores. These spores create the bacteria that cause a rare condition called gas gangrene and a type of colitis that is linked to use of antibiotics.
Medical Importance of Bacterial Spores. Spores are highly resistant to heating; spores are not killed by boiling (100°C) but are killed at 121°C. Medical supplies must be heated to 121°C for at least 15 minutes to be sterilized. Spores are highly resistant to many chemicals including most disinfectants.
Before we examine what spores are it’s helpful to understand why we care when it comes to Planetary Protection. The role of Planetary Protection is to ensure we limit the contamination risk of microbes and organic molecules or any remnant of terrestrial life to other planets from Earth.
Why are spores important? Bacterial spores are highly resistant dormant structures (i.e. no metabolic activity) formed in response to adverse environmental conditions. They help in the survival of the organisms during adverse environmental condition…

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