[Answer] What percentage of blood is made up of plasma? Chapter 2

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What percentage of blood is made up of plasma? Chapter 2

Blood plasma is a yellowish liquid component of blood that holds the blood cells of whole blood in suspension. It is the liquid part of the blood that carries cells and proteins throughout the body. It makes up about 55% of the body’s total blood volume. It is the intravascular fluid part of extracellular fluid (all body fluid outside cells). It is mostly water (up to 95% by volume) and contains important diss…

Blood plasma is a yellowish liquid component of blood that holds the blood cells of whole blood in suspension. It is the liquid part of the blood that carries cells and proteins throughout the body. It makes up about 55% of the body’s total blood volume. It is the intravascular fluid part of extracellular fluid (all body fluid outside cells). It is mostly water (up to 95% by volume) and contains important dissolved proteins (6–8%) (e.g. serum albumins globulins and fibrinogen) glucose clotting factors electrolytes (Na Ca Mg HCO3 Cl etc.) hormones carbon dioxide (plasma being the main medium for excretory product transportation) and oxygen. It plays a vital role in an intravascular osmotic effect that keeps electrolyte concentration balanced and protects the body from infection and other blood disorders. Blood plasma is separated from the blood by spinning a tube of fresh blood containing an anticoagulant in a centrifuge until the blood cells fall to the bottom of the tube. The blood plasma is then poured or drawn off. For point-of-care testing applications plasma can be extracted from whole blood via filtration or via agglutination to allow for rapid testing of specific biomarkers. Blood plasma has a density of approximately 1025 kg/m or 1.025 g/ml. Blood serum is blood plasma without clotting factors. Plasmapheresis is a medical therapy that involves blood plasma extraction treatment and reintegration. Fresh frozen plasma is on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines the most important medications needed in a basic health system. It is of critical importance in the treatment of many types of trauma which result in blood loss and is therefore kept stocked universally in all medical facilities capable of treating trauma (e.g. trauma centers hospitals and ambulances) or that pose a risk of patient blood loss such as surgical suite facilities.

Blood plasma volume may be expanded by or drained to extravascular fluid when there are changes in Starling forces across capillary walls. For example when blood pressure drops in circulatory shock Starling forces drive fluid into the interstitium causing third spacing .

Blood plasma volume may be expanded by or drained to extravascular fluid when there are changes in Starling forces across capillary walls. For example when blood pressure drops in circulatory shock Starling forces drive fluid into the interstitium causing third spacing . Standing still for a prolonged period will cause an increase in transcapillary hydrostatic pressure . As a result approximately 12% of blood plasma volume will cross into the extravascular compartment . This causes an increase in hematocrit serum total protein blood viscosity and as a result of increase…

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