[Answer] What makes up proteins?

Answer: polymers made of amino acids (50-500 chains long)
What makes up proteins?

The number of proteins encoded in a genome roughly corresponds to the number of genes (although there may be a significant number of genes that encode RNA of protein e.g. ribosomal RNAs). Viruses typically encode a few to a few hundred proteins archaea and bacteria a few hundred to a few thousand while eukaryotes typically encode a few thousand up to tens of thousands of proteins (see genome size for a list of examples).

Protein structures can be grouped based on their structural similarity topological class or a common evolutionary origin. The Structural Classification of Proteins database and CATH database provide two different structural classifications of proteins. When the structural similarity is large the two proteins have possibly diverged from a common ancestor and shared structure between proteins is considered evidence of homology. Structure similarity can then be used to group proteins together into protein super…

Protein occurs in a wide range of food. On a worldwide basis plant protein foods contribute over 60% of the per capita supply of protein . In North America animal-derived foods contribute about 70% of protein sources. Insects are a source of protein in many parts of the world. In parts of Africa up to 50% of dietary protein derives from insects. It is estimated that more than 2 billion …

Protein primary structure is the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide or protein . By convention the primary structure of a protein is reported starting from the amino-terminal (N) end to the carboxyl-terminal (C) end. Protein biosynthesis is most commonly performed by ribosomes in cells. Peptides can also be synthesized in the laboratory. Protein prima…

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