[Answer] What is the medical term for high blood pressure?

Answer: hypertension
What is the medical term for high blood pressure?

Hypertension – Wikipedia

Hypertension – Wikipedia

Hypertension – Wikipedia

Hypertension (HTN or HT) also known as high blood pressure (HBP) is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure typically does not cause symptoms. Long-term high blood pressure however is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease stroke heart failure atrial fibrillation peripheral arterial disease vision loss chronic kidney disease and dementia.

High blood pressure is classified as primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension . About 90–95% of cases are primary defined as high blood pressure due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors. Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt in the diet excess body weight smoking and alcohol use. The remaining 5–10% of cases are categorized as secondar…

High blood pressure is classified as primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension . About 90–95% of cases are primary defined as high blood pressure due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors. Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt in the diet excess body weight smoking and alcohol use. The remaining 5–10% of cases are categorized as secondary high blood pressure defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause such as chronic kidney disease narrowing of the kidney arteries an endocrine disorder or the use of birth control pills . Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements the systolic and diastolic pressures which are the maximum and minimum pressures respectively. For most adults normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–130 millimeters mercury (mmHg) systolic and 60–80 mmHg diastolic. For most adults high blood pressure is present if the resting blood pressure is persistently at or above 130/80 or 140/90 mmHg. Different numbers apply to children. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring over a 24-hour period appears more accurate than office-based blood pressure measurement . Lifestyle changes and medications can lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of health complications. Lifestyle changes include weight loss physical exercise decreased salt intake reducing alcohol intake and a healthy diet . If lifestyle changes are not sufficient then blood pressure medications are used. Up to three medications taken concurrently can control blood pressure in 90% of people. The treatment of moderately high arterial blood pressure (defined as >160/100 mmHg) with medications is associated with an improved life expectancy . The effect of treatment of blood pressure between 130/80 … Read more on Wikipedia

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