# [Answer] What is kinetic energy? FL Unit 9

###### Answer: A. The energy an object has due to its motion
What is kinetic energy? FL Unit 9

In physics the kinetic energy (KE) of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its stated velocity. Having gained this energy during its acceleration the body maintains this kinetic energy unless its speed changes. The same amount of work is done by the body when decelerating from its current sp…

In physics the kinetic energy (KE) of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its stated velocity. Having gained this energy during its acceleration the body maintains this kinetic energy unless its speed changes. The same amount of work is done by the body when decelerating from its current speed to a state of rest. In classical mechanics the kinetic energy of a non-rotating object of mass m traveling at a speed v is ${\begin{smallmatrix}{\frac {1}{2}}mv^{2}\end{smallmatrix}}$. In relativistic mechanics this is a good approximation only when v is much less than the speed of light. The standard unit of kinetic energy is the joule while the imperial unit of kinetic energy is the foot-pound.

The adjective kinetic has its roots in the Greek word κίνησις kinesis meaning “motion”. The dichotomy between kinetic energy and potential energy can be traced back to Aristotle s concepts of actuality and potentiality .

The adjective kinetic has its roots in the Greek word κίνησις kinesis meaning “motion”. The dichotomy between kinetic energy and potential energy can be traced back to Aristotle s concepts of actuality and potentiality . The principle in classical mechanics that E ∝ mv was first developed by Gottfried Leibniz and Johann Bernoulli who described kinetic energy as the living force vis viva . Willem ‘s Gravesande of the Netherlands provided experimental evidence of this relationship. By dropping weights from different heights into a block of clay Willem ‘s Gravesande determined that their penetration depth was proportional to the square of their impact speed. Émilie du Châtelet recognized the implications of the experiment and published an explanation. The terms kinetic energy and work in their present scientific meanings date back to the mid-19th century. Early understandings of these ideas can be attributed to Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis who in 1829 published the paper titled Du Calcul de l’Effet des Machines outlining the mathematics of kinetic energy. William Thomson later Lord Kelvin is given the credit for coining the term “kinetic energy” c. 1849–51.

The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion in addition to other possible (non-motion related) forms of energy . I think that “extra” begs for more and that this specification renders moot (and effectively kills) the source requirement you brought up.

Energy – Wikipedia

Kinetic energy – Wikipedia

Kinetic energy – Wikipedia

Kinetic energy is determined by the movement of an object – or the composite motion of the components of an object – and potential energy reflects the potential of an ob…