[Answer] What is genetic drift?

Answer: A change in allele frequencies caused by random events
What is genetic drift?

Genetic drift – Simple English Wikipedia the free …

Genetic hitchhiking – Wikipedia

Genetic drift – Wikipedia

Genetic drift – Wikipedia

Genetic drift (also known as allelic drift or the Sewall Wright effect) is the change in the frequency of an existing gene variant (allele) in a population due to random sampling of organisms. The alleles in the offspring are a sample of those in the parents and chance has a role in determining whether a given individual survives and reproduces. A population’s allele frequency is the fraction of the copies …

Genetic drift (also known as allelic drift or the Sewall Wright effect) is the change in the frequency of an existing gene variant (allele) in a population due to random sampling of organisms. The alleles in the offspring are a sample of those in the parents and chance has a role in determining whether a given individual survives and reproduces. A population’s allele frequency is the fraction of the copies of one gene that share a particular form. Genetic drift may cause gene variants to disappear completely and thereby reduce genetic variation. It can also cause initially rare alleles to become much more frequent and even fixed. When there are few copies of an allele the effect of genetic drift is larger and when there are many copies the effect is smaller. In the middle of the 20th century vigorous debates occurred over the relative importance of natural selection versus neutral processes including genetic drift. Ronald Fisher who explained natural selection using Mendelian genetics held the view that genetic drift plays at the most a minor role in evolution and this remained the dominant view for several decades. In 1968 population geneticist Motoo Kimura rekindled the debate with his neutral theory of molecular evolution which claims that most instances where a genetic change spreads across a population (although not necessarily changes in phenotypes) are caused by genetic drift acting on neutral mutations.

The process of genetic drift can be illustrated using 20 marbles in a jar to represent 20 organisms in a population. Consider this jar of marbles as the starting population. Half of the marbles in the jar are red and half are blue with each colour corresponding to a different allele of one gene in the population. In each new generation the organisms reproduce at random. To represent this reproduction rand…

The process of genetic drift can be illustrated using 20 marbles in a jar to represent 20 organisms in a population. Consider this jar of marbles as the starting population. Half of the marbles in the jar are red and half are blue with each colour corresponding to a different allele of one gene in the population. In each new generation the organisms reproduce at random. To represent this reproduction randomly select a marble from the original jar and deposit a new marble with the same colour into a new jar. This is the “offspring” of the original marble meaning that the original marble remains in its jar. Repeat this process until there are 20 new marbles in the se…

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