[Answer] The only two African nations that remained independent of European colonial rule at the end of the 1800s were __________.

Answer: Ethiopia and Liberia
The only two African nations that remained independent of European colonial rule at the end of the 1800s were __________.
The Scramble for Africa also called the Partition of Africa Conquest of Africa or the Rape of Africa was the invasion occupation division and colonization of most of Africa by a handful of European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism (between 1881 and 1914). The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in 1870 increased to almost 90 perce…
The Scramble for Africa also called the Partition of Africa Conquest of Africa or the Rape of Africa was the invasion occupation division and colonization of most of Africa by a handful of European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism (between 1881 and 1914). The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in 1870 increased to almost 90 percent by 1914 with only Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia remaining independent. The Berlin Conference of 1884 which regulated European colonization and trade in Africa is usually referred to as the starting point of the Scramble for Africa. There were considerable political and economic rivalries among the European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century. Partitioning Africa was effected largely without Europeans going to war. In the later years of the 19th century the European nations transitioned from “informal imperialism” — i.e. exercising military influence and economic dominance — to direct rule bringing about colonial imperialism.
By 1840 European powers had established small trading posts along the coast but they seldom moved inland preferring to stay near the sea. They primarily traded with peoples of the continent. Large parts of the continent were essentially uninhabitable for Europeans because of their high mortality rates from tropical diseases such as malaria . In the middle decades of the 19th century …
By 1840 European powers had established small trading posts along the coast but they seldom moved inland preferring to stay near the sea. They primarily traded with peoples of the continent. Large parts of the continent were essentially uninhabitable for Europeans because of their high mortality rates from tropical diseases such as malaria . In the middle decades of the 19th century European explorers had mapped areas of East Africa and Central Africa . Even as late as the 1870s Western European states controlled only ten percent of the African continent with all their territories located near the coast. The most important holdings were Angola and Mozambique held by Portugal; the Cape Colony held by the United Kingdom; and Algeria held by France . By 1914 only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent of European control and Liberia had strong connections to the United States. Technological advances facilitated European expansion overseas. Industrialization brought about rapid advancements in transportation and communication especially in the forms of steamships railways and telegraphs. Medical advances also played an important role especially medicines for tropical diseases which helped control their adverse effects. The development of quinine an effective treatment for malaria made…

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