Answer: time exceeded destination unreachable
Technical details. ICMP is part of the Internet protocol suite as defined in RFC 792. ICMP messages are typically used for diagnostic or control purposes or generated in response to errors in IP operations (as specified in RFC 1122). ICMP errors are directed to the source IP address of the originating packet .
Ping operates by sending Internet Control Message Protocol ( ICMP ) echo request packets to the target host and waiting for an ICMP echo reply. The program reports errors packet loss and a statistical summary of the results typically including the minimum maximum the mean round-trip times and standard deviation of the mean.
IP fragmentation is an Internet Protocol (IP) process that breaks packets into smaller pieces (fragments) so that the resu…