[Answer] The division of the cytoplasm following mitosis is called _____.

Answer: cytokinesis
The division of the cytoplasm following mitosis is called _____.
In cell biology mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. Cell division gives rise to genetically identical cells in which the total number of chromosomes is maintained. In general mitosis (division of the nucleus) is preceded by the S stage of interphase (during which the DNA is replicated) and is often followed by telophase and cytokinesis; which …
In cell biology mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. Cell division gives rise to genetically identical cells in which the total number of chromosomes is maintained. In general mitosis (division of the nucleus) is preceded by the S stage of interphase (during which the DNA is replicated) and is often followed by telophase and cytokinesis; which divides the cytoplasm organelles and cell membrane of one cell into two new cells containing roughly equal shares of these cellular components. The different stages of Mitosis altogether define the mitotic (M) phase of an animal cell cycle—the division of the mother cell into two daughter cells genetically identical to each other. The process of mitosis is divided into stages corresponding to the completion of one set of activities and the start of the next. These stages are prophase prometaphase metaphase anaphase and telophase. During mitosis the chromosomes which have already duplicated condense and attach to spindle fibers that pull one copy of each chromosome to opposite sides of the cell. The result is two genetically identical daughter nuclei. The rest of the cell may then continue to divide by cytokinesis to produce two daughter cells. The different phases of mitosis can be visualized in real time using live cell imaging. Producing three or more daughter cells instead of the normal two is a mitotic error called tripolar mitosis or multipolar mitosis (direct cell triplication / multiplication). Other errors during mitosis can induce apoptosis (programmed cell death) or cause mutations. Certain types of cancer can arise from such mutations. Mitosis occurs only in eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells which lack a nucleus divide by a different process called binary fission . Mitosis varies between organisms. For example animal cells undergo an “open” mitosis where the nuclear envelope breaks down before the chromosomes separate whereas fungi undergo a “closed” mitosis where chromosomes divide within an intact cell nucleus. Mo… Read more on Wikipedia
Numerous descriptions of cell division were made during 18th and 19th centuries with various degrees of accuracy. In 1835 the German botanist Hugo von Mohl described cell division in the green algae Cladophora glomerata stating that multiplication of cells occurs through cell division. In 1838 Matthias Jakob Schleiden affirmed that the formation of new cells in their interior was a genera…
Numerous descriptions of cell division were made during 18th and 19th centuries with various degrees of accur…

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