[Answer] The cognitive processes in _____ conditioning involve the organism expecting that a response will be reinforced or punished with or without reinforcement.

Answer: operant
The cognitive processes in _____ conditioning involve the organism expecting that a response will be reinforced or punished with or without reinforcement.
Operant conditioning (also called instrumental conditioning ) is a type of associative learning process through which the strength of a behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment.It is also a procedure that is used to bring about such learning. Although operant and classical conditioning both involve behaviors controlled by environmental stimuli they differ in nature.
In behavioral psychology reinforcement is a consequence applied that will strengthen an organism s future behavior whenever that behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus.This strengthening effect may be measured as a higher frequency of behavior (e.g. pulling a lever more frequently) longer duration (e.g. pulling a lever for longer periods of time) greater magnitude (e.g …
Fri Jan 18 2002 13:30:00 GMT-0500 (Eastern Standard Time) ยท Behaviorism is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals. It assumes that behavior is either a reflex evoked by the pairing of certain antecedent stimuli in the environment or a consequence of that individual’s history including especially reinforcement and punishment contingencies together with the individual’s current motivational state and …
Observational learning is learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others. It is a form of social learning which takes various forms based on various processes . In humans this form of learning seems to not need reinforcement to occur but instead requires a social model such as a parent sibling friend or teacher with surroundings. . Particularly in childhood a model is …
Behaviorism is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals. It assumes that behavior is either a reflex evoked by the pairing of certain antecedent stimuli in the environment or a consequence of that individual’s history including especi…

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