[Answer] synecdoche

Answer: a special metaphor in which the whole representation represents the part or
where the part represents the whole
Word Origin late Middle English: via Latin from Greek sunekdokhē from sun- ‘together’ + ekdekhesthai ‘take up’.
Scrabble Points: 21
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Synecdoche definition is – a figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole (such as fifty sail for fifty ships) the whole for a part (such as society for high society) the species for the genus (such as cutthroat for assassin) the genus for the species (such as a creature for a man) or the name of the material for the thing made (such as boards for stage).
Synecdoche is a rhetorical trope and a type of figurative speech similar to metonymy —a figure of speech using a term to denote one thing to refer to a related thing. Synecdoche is considered a type of metonymy. Synecdoche (and thus metonymy) is distinct from metaphor although in the past it was considered to be a sub-species of metaphor …
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Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to signify the whole or vice-versa. In fact it’s derived from the Greek word synekdoche: “simultaneous meaning.” As a literary device synecdoche allows for a smaller component of something to stand in for the larger whole in a rhetorical manner.
Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which most often a part of something is used to refer to its whole. For example “The captain commands one hundred sails” is a synecdoche that uses “sails” to refer to ships—ships being the thing of which a sail is …

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