[Answer] serotyping

Answer: used to classify bacteria into subspecies based on kind of cell surface
antigen present; based on Ag-Ab reactions
Serotyping on the basis of heat-stable lipopolysaccharide antigens (Penner system) and heat-labile flagellar and outer-membrane protein antigens (Lior system) is the main typing method in current use. There are several hundred designated serotypes but only a limited number are found frequently.
Methods for Serotyping . In order to determine a microorganism’s serotype you must determine which antigens are found on their surface. If you recall an antigen on a virus or bacteria will cause …
Serotyping is a subtyping test based on differences in microbial (e.g. viral or bacterial) surfaces. Serology refers to the antibodies that form because of a viral or bacterial infection. Serotyping is sometimes referred to as serology but this is technically inaccurate.
Serotyping of Salmonella. The Kauffman–White classification scheme is the basis for naming the manifold serovars of Salmonella. To date more than 2600 different serotypes have been identified. A Salmonella serotype is determined by the unique combination of reactions of cell surface antigens.
Therefore in serotyping it’s important to have a good understanding of what antigens are. Antigens Essentially an antigen is a substance that is capable of initiating an immune response by triggering the formation and release of specific antibodies (immunoglobin) or T cells.
More Serotyping images
Serotyping is performed after ide…

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