[Answer] Rear-end crashes are the most common type of collisions because _________.

Answer: Drivers follow to closely behind the vehicle ahead
Rear-end crashes are the most common type of collisions because _________.
A rear-end collision (often called simply rear-end or in the UK a shunt) occurs when a vehicle crashes into the one in front of it. Common factors contributing to rear-end collisions include driver inattention or distraction tailgating panic stops and reduced traction due to wet weather or worn pavement. Rear-end rail collisions occur when a train runs into the end of a preceding train. According to t…
A rear-end collision (often called simply rear-end or in the UK a shunt) occurs when a vehicle crashes into the one in front of it. Common factors contributing to rear-end collisions include driver inattention or distraction tailgating panic stops and reduced traction due to wet weather or worn pavement. Rear-end rail collisions occur when a train runs into the end of a preceding train. According to the National Highway Safety Administration (NHTSA) rear-end collisions account for only 6% of fatal automobile crashes. However they account for 28% of all automobile accidents making them one of the most frequent types of automobile accidents in the United States.
Typical scenarios for rear-ends are a sudden deceleration by the first car (for example to avoid someone crossing the street) so that the driver behind it does not have time to brake and collides with it. Alternatively the following car may accelerate more rapidly than the leading one (for example leaving an intersection) resulting in a collision.
Typical scenarios for rear-ends are a sudden deceleration by the first car (for example to avoid someone crossing the street) so that the driver behind it does not have time to brake and collides with it. Alternatively the following car may accelerate more rapidly than the leading one (for example leaving an intersection) resulting in a collision. Generally if two vehicles have similar physical structures crashing into another car is equivalent to crashing into a rigid immovable surface (like a wall) at half of the closing speed. This means that rear-ending a stationary car while travelling at 50 km/h (30 mph) is equivalent in terms of deceleration to crashing into a wall at 25 km/h (15 mph). The same is true for the vehicle crashed into. However if one of the vehicles is significantly more rigid (e.g. the rear of a truck) then the deceleration is more typically reflected by the full closing speed for the less rigid vehicle. A typical medical consequence of rear-ends even in collisions at moderate speed is whiplash . In more severe cases permanent injuries such as herniation may occur. The rearmost passengers in minivans benefiting little from the short rear crumple zone are more likely to be injured or killed. For purposes of insurance and policing the driver of the car that rear-ends the other car is almost always considered at fault due to following too closely or lack of attention. An exception is if the rear-ended vehicle is in reverse gear. If the driver of the car that was rear-ended files a claim against the driver who hit them the…

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