[Answer] Negative reinforcement _____ the rate of operant responding.

Answer: increases
Negative reinforcement _____ the rate of operant responding.
Reinforcement and punishment are ubiquitous in human social interactions and a great many applications of operant principles have been suggested and implemented. Following are a few examples. Positive and negative reinforcement play central roles in the development and maintenance of addiction and drug dependence. An addictive drug is intrinsically rewarding; that is it functions as a primary positive reinforcer of drug use. The brain’s reward system assigns it incentive salience(i.e. it is “wanted” or “desi…
Operant behavior is said to be “emitted”; that is initially it is not elicited by any particular stimulus. Thus one may ask why it happens in the first place. The answer to this question is like Darwin’s answer to the question of the origin of a “new” bodily structure namely variation and selection. Similarly the behavior of an individual varies from moment to moment in such aspects as the specific motions involved the amount of force applied or the timing of the response. Variations that lead to reinforcement are strengt…
Punishment (psychology) – Wikipedia
Reinforcement – …

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