[Answer] hydrolysis:

Answer: a chemical process in which a compound is broken down and changed into
other compounds by taking up the elements of water.
Hydrolysis is a common form of a chemical reaction where water is mostly used to break down the chemical bonds that exists between a particular substance. Hydrolysis is derived from a Greek word hydro meaning water and lysis which translates to the word break or to unbind.
Hydrolysis is the chemical breakdown of substances by water and depends on the chemistry solubility pH and the oxidation–reduction (Eh or redox) potential of compound. From: Introduction to Environmental Forensics (Second Edition) 2007
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Hydrolysis (/ haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs /; from Ancient Greek hydro- ‘water’ and lysis ‘to unbind’) is any chemical reaction in which a molecule of water breaks one or more chemical bonds. The term is used broadly for substitution elimination and solvation reactions in which water is the nucleophile.
Medical Definition of hydrolysis : a chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water Other Words from hydrolysis
Hydrolysis in chemistry and physiology a double decomposition reaction with water as one of the reactants. Thus if a compound is represented by the formula AB in which A and B are atoms or groups and water is represented by the formula HOH the hydrolysis reaction may be represented by the reversible chemical eq…

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