[Answer] How can an allopolyploid plant become a biologically fit new species?

Answer: Nondisjunction event during mitosis
How can an allopolyploid plant become a biologically fit new species?

Polyploidy is a condition in which the cells of an organism have more than two paired sets of chromosomes.Most species whose cells have nuclei are diploid meaning they have two sets of chromosomes—one set inherited from each parent.However some organisms are polyploid and polyploidy is especially common in plants .Most eukaryotes have diploid somatic cells but produce …

History. The idea of shaping an organism to fit a specific need isn’t a new science. However until the late 1900s farmers and scientist could breed new strains of a plant or organism only from closely related species because the DNA had to be compatible for offspring to be able to reproduce another generation.

The evolution of biological complexity is one important outcome of the process of evolution. Evolution has produced some remarkably complex organisms – although the actual level of complexity is very hard to define or measure accurately in biology with properties such as gene content the number of cell types or morphology all proposed as possible metrics.

In evolutionary genetics Muller’s ratchet (named after Hermann Joseph Muller by analogy with a ratchet effect) is a process in which absence of recombination especially in an asexual population results in accumulation of deleterious mutations (harmful mutations) in an irreversible manner. This happens due to the fact that in the absence of recombination offspring at least bear the same …

Ribulose-1 5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase commonly known by the abbreviations RuBisCo rubisco RuBPCase or RuBPco is an enzyme involved in the first major step of carbon fixation a process by which the atmospheric carbon dioxide is converted by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to energy-rich molecules such as glucose.In chemical terms it catalyzes the carboxylation …

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