[Answer] According to Shiffman and balabanis both tobacco and alcohol share a role as _________ drugs that precedes most subsequent use of marijuana and cocaine.

Answer: Gateway
According to Shiffman and balabanis both tobacco and alcohol share a role as _________ drugs that precedes most subsequent use of marijuana and cocaine.
A study of drug use of 14 577 U.S. 12th graders showed that alcohol consumption was associated with an increased probability of later use of tobacco cannabis and other illegal drugs . Adolescents who smoked cigarettes before age 15 were up to 80 times more likely to use illegal drugs . [6]
Controlled Substances Act – Wikipedia
Youth smoking – Wikipedia
Controlled Substances Act – Wikipedia
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) is the statute establishing federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture importation possession use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. It was passed by the 91st United States Congress as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 and signed into law by President Richard Nixon.
Smoking among youth and adolescents is an issue that affects countries worldwide. While the extent to which smoking is viewed as a negative health behavior may vary across different nations it remains an issue regardless of how it is perceived by different societies. The United States has taken numerous measures ranging from changes in national policy surrounding youth cigarette access to …
Tue Apr 30 2002 14:30:00 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time) ยท Definitions. Drugs in the context of prohibition are any of a number of psychoactive substances whose use a government or religious body seeks to control. What constitutes a drug varies by century and belief system. What is a psychoactive substance is relatively well known to modern science. Examples include a range from caffeine found in coffee tea and chocolate nicotine in tobacco …
Religion and drugs . Many religions have expressed positions on what is acceptable to consume as a means of intoxication for spiritual pleasure or medicinal purposes. Psychoactive substances may also play a significant part in the devel…

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