[Answer] According to Erikson’s theory what is the primary influence on personality development?

Answer: interpersonal relationships
According to Erikson’s theory what is the primary influence on personality development?

Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson in collaboration with Joan Erikson is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages that a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood. Erikson published a book called Childhood and Society around the 1950’s that mad…

Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson in collaboration with Joan Erikson is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages that a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood. Erikson published a book called Childhood and Society around the 1950’s that made his research well known on the eight stages of psychosocial development. Erikson was originally influenced by Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual stages of development. He originally worked on improving Freud’s theories. However as he began to dive deeper into biopsychosocial development and how other environmental factors affect human development he soon progressed past Freud’s theories and developed his own ideas. Erikson’s stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight life stages as a function of negotiating their biological and sociocultural forces. The two conflicting forces each have a psychosocial crisis which characterizes the eight stages. If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces (favoring the first mentioned attribute in the crisis) they emerge from the stage with the corresponding virtue. For example if an infant enters into the toddler stage (autonomy vs. shame and doubt) with more trust than mistrust they carry the virtue of hope into the remaining life stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to return as problems in the future. However mastery of a stage is not required to advance to the next stage. In one study subjects showed significant development as a result of organized activities.

Hope: trust vs. mistrust (oral-sensory infancy under 2 years) • Existential Question: Can I Trust the World? The first stage of Erik Erikson’s theory centers around the infant’s basic needs being met by the parents or caregiver and how this interaction leads to trust or mistrust. Trust as defined by Erikson is “a…

Hope: trust vs. mistrust (oral-sensory infancy under 2 years) • Existential Question: Can I Trust the World? The first stage of Erik Erikson’s theory centers around the infant’s basic needs being met by the parents or caregiver and how this interaction leads to trust or mistrust. Trust as defined by Erikson is “an essential trustfulness of others as well as a fundamental sense of one’s own trustworthiness.” The infant depends on the parents especially the mother for sustenance and comfort. The child’s relative understanding of world and society comes from the parents and their interaction with the child. A child’s first trust is always with the parent or caregiver; whoever that might be however the caregiver is secondary whereas the parents are primary in the eyes of the child. If the parents expose the child to warmth regularity and dependable affection the infant’s view of the world will be one of trust. As the child learns to trust the world around them they also learn to acquire the virtue of hope. Should parents fail to provide a secure environment and to meet the child’s basic needs; a sense of mistrust will result. Development of mistrust can lead to feelings of frustration suspicion withdrawal and a lack of confidence. According to Erik Erikson the major developmental task in infancy is to learn whether or not other people especially prim…

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