[Answer] _____ involves any stimulus that when presented after a response strengthens the response.

Answer: Positive reinforcement
_____ involves any stimulus that when presented after a response strengthens the response.
The two as explained above differ in the increase (negative reinforcement) or decrease (punishment) of the future probability of a response . In negative reinforcement the stimulus removed following a response is an aversive stimulus ; if this stimulus were presented contingent on a response …
The study of the Stimulus in psychology began with experiments in the eighteenth century. In the second half of the 19th century the term Stimulus was coined in psychophysics by defining the field as the “scientific study of the relation between stimulus and sensation”. This may have led James J. Gibsonto conclude that “whatever could be controlled by an experimenter and applied to an observer could be thought of as a stimulus” in early psychological studies with humans while around the same time the t…
Stimulus (psychology) – Wikipedia
Stimulus (psychology) – Wikipedia
Stimulus (psychology) – Wikipedia
Subliminal stimuli – Wikipedia
Operant conditioning sometimes called instrumental learning was first extensively studied by Edward L. Thorndike (1874–1949) who observed the behavior of cats trying to escape from home-made puzzle boxes. A cat could escape from the box by a simple response such as pulling a cord or pushing a pole but when first constrained the cats took a long time to get out.
Tue Feb 25 2003 13:30:00 GMT-0500 (Eastern Standard Time) · Usually the conditioned stimulus is a neutral stimulus (e.g. the sound of a tuning fork) the unconditioned stimulus is biologically potent (e.g. the taste of food) and the unconditioned response (UR) to the unconditioned stimulus is an unlearned reflex response (e.g. salivation). After pairing is repeated the organism exhibits a conditioned response (CR) to the conditioned stimul us when the conditioned stimulus …
In physiology a stimulus is a detectable change in the physical or chemical structure of an organism’s internal or external environment. The ability of an organism or organ to detect external stimuli so that an appropri…

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